TRIACs

A TRIAC (triode for alternating current) is a silicone semiconductor component with three terminals or legs that allow current to flow in either direction when triggered. TRIACs are a development of a similar family member the thyristor. However, unlike the thyristor which is unidirectional the TRIAC is able to control current over both halves of the sine wave making TRIACs bidirectional.
How does it work?
In basic terms a TRIAC is a low power to medium power semi-latching solid state switch. The device acts like two standard thyristors inversely connected in parallel or back to back. To activate the component a voltage needs to be applied to the gate terminal. Once the gate current is triggered a TRIAC will continue to conduct even if the supply to the gate is removed.
A TRIAC is a 4 layer silicone component that is PNPN in the positive direction and NPNP in the negative direction. The devices come in panel mount, surface mount and through hole mounting options in various package types to suit a wide variety electronics applications and circuits.
Terminals
On the TRIAC symbol there are three terminals. These terminals are,
MT1 Anode 1 (Main Terminal 1)
MT2 Anode 2 (Main Terminal 2)
Gate Terminal
Applications
TRIACs are widely used for switching and power control of AC systems. TRIACS are particularly useful in applications such as lighting dimmers as they enable the utilisation of each half-cycle of the AC wave. The solid state device can be used in a circuit as a simple on off device in a wide range of electronic applications. Some of the more common areas are,
• Temperature control
• Liquid level control
• Dimmers for domestic lighting
• Small motor control
• Speed control for electric fans

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Description Price Rated Average On-State Current Mounting Type Package Type Maximum Gate Trigger Current Repetitive Peak Reverse Voltage Surge Current Rating Pin Count Maximum Gate Trigger Voltage Repetitive Peak Forward Blocking Voltage Maximum Holding Current Dimensions Length Width Height
RS Stock No. 168-8899
Mfr. Part No.T2050H-6T
€0.768
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
20A Through Hole TO-220AB 50mA 600V 210A 3 1V 600V 75mA 10.4 x 4.6 x 15.9mm 10.4mm 4.6mm 15.9mm
RS Stock No. 877-3024
Mfr. Part No.T2050H-6T
€0.768
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
20A Through Hole TO-220AB 50mA 600V 210A 3 1V 600V 75mA 10.4 x 4.6 x 15.9mm 10.4mm 4.6mm 15.9mm
RS Stock No. 687-1081
Mfr. Part No.ACS108-6SN-TR
€1.067
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
- Surface Mount SOT-223 - - - 3+Tab - - - 6.7 x 3.7 x 1.7mm 6.7mm 3.7mm 1.7mm
RS Stock No. 178-5060
Mfr. Part No.ACS108-6SN-TR
€0.571
Each (On a Reel of 1000)
units
- Surface Mount SOT-223 - - - 3+Tab - - - 6.7 x 3.7 x 1.7mm 6.7mm 3.7mm 1.7mm
RS Stock No. 714-0502
Mfr. Part No.BTA16-600BRG
€1.48
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
16A Through Hole TO-220AB 100mA 600V 168A 3 1.3V 600V 50mA 10.4 x 4.6 x 9.3mm 10.4mm 4.6mm 9.3mm
RS Stock No. 687-1007
Mfr. Part No.BTA41-600BRG
€5.13
Each
units
40A Through Hole TOP3 100mA 600V 420A 3 1.3V 600V 80mA 15.5 x 4.6 x 12.85mm 15.5mm 4.6mm 12.85mm
RS Stock No. 800-9715
Mfr. Part No.BTA12-600BW3G
BrandLittelfuse
€2.189
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
12A Through Hole TO-220 50mA 600V 105A 3 1.7V 800V 50mA 10.28 x 4.82 x 15.75mm 10.28mm 4.82mm 15.75mm
RS Stock No. 168-6664
Mfr. Part No.BTA41-600BRG
€4.355
Each (In a Tube of 30)
units
40A Through Hole TOP3 100mA 600V 420A 3 1.3V 600V 80mA 15.5 x 4.6 x 12.85mm 15.5mm 4.6mm 12.85mm
RS Stock No. 727-1139
Mfr. Part No.BT139-600E,127
€0.776
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
16A Through Hole TO-220AB 25mA 600V 170A 3 1.5V 600V 45mA 10.3 x 4.7 x 9.4mm 10.3mm 4.7mm 9.4mm
RS Stock No. 800-9768
Mfr. Part No.BTB16-800CW3G
BrandLittelfuse
€1.078
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
16A Through Hole TO-220 35mA 800V 170A 3 1.7V 800V 50mA 10.28 x 4.82 x 15.75mm 10.28mm 4.82mm 15.75mm
RS Stock No. 127-0654
Mfr. Part No.BTA40-600B
€7.28
Each
units
40A Panel Mount RD-91 100mA 600V 420A 3 1.3V 600V 80mA 40 x 27 x 14mm 40mm 27mm 14mm
RS Stock No. 169-0640
Mfr. Part No.BT139-600E,127
€0.658
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
0.5A Through Hole TO-220AB 25mA 600V 170A 3 1.5V 600V 45mA 10.3 x 4.7 x 9.4mm 10.3mm 4.7mm 9.4mm
RS Stock No. 774-3432
Mfr. Part No.2N6073AG
BrandLittelfuse
€0.21
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
4A Through Hole TO-225 30mA 400V 30A 3 2.5V 400V 30mA 7.74 x 2.66 x 11.04mm 7.74mm 2.66mm 11.04mm
RS Stock No. 330-5487
Mfr. Part No.BT137X-600D
€0.56
Each
units
8A Through Hole TO-220F 10mA 600V 71A 3 1.5V 600V 10mA 10.3 x 4.6 x 9.3mm 10.3mm 4.6mm 9.3mm
RS Stock No. 103-5139
Mfr. Part No.2N6073AG
BrandLittelfuse
€0.203
Each (In a Box of 500)
units
4A Through Hole TO-225 30mA 400V 30A 3 2.5V 400V 30mA 7.74 x 2.66 x 11.04mm 7.74mm 2.66mm 11.04mm
RS Stock No. 177-5182
Mfr. Part No.BTB16-800CW3G
BrandLittelfuse
€0.98
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
16A Through Hole TO-220 35mA 800V 170A 3 1.7V 800V 50mA 10.28 x 4.82 x 15.75mm 10.28mm 4.82mm 15.75mm
RS Stock No. 102-3531
Mfr. Part No.BTA40-600B
€6.274
Each (In a Bag of 25)
units
40A Panel Mount RD-91 100mA 600V 420A 3 1.3V 600V 80mA 40 x 27 x 14mm 40mm 27mm 14mm
RS Stock No. 714-2619
Mfr. Part No.BTB06-600TRG
€0.224
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
6A Through Hole TO-220AB 5mA 600V 63A 3 1.5V 600V 15mA 10.5 x 4.82 x 9.02mm 10.5mm 4.82mm 9.02mm
RS Stock No. 102-3526
Mfr. Part No.BTA16-600BWRG
€1.25
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
16A Through Hole TO-220AB 50mA 600V 168A 3 1.3V 600V 50mA 10.4 x 4.6 x 9.3mm 10.4mm 4.6mm 9.3mm
RS Stock No. 810-7332
Mfr. Part No.BTA12-600BRG
€1.352
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
12A Through Hole TO-220AB 100 mA, 50 mA 600V 126A 3 1.3V 600V 50mA 10.4 x 4.6 x 15.9mm 10.4mm 4.6mm 15.9mm
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