Voltage References

Voltage references are electronic devices that provide a fixed voltage. They provide a constant voltage regardless of external factors like the load on the device or fluctuations in the power supply.


Voltage references have different characteristics depending on their purpose. Voltage references used in laboratory applications are designed to have extremely high precision and accuracy, whereas those used as regulators for computer power supplies are much cheaper but less precise. 


Types of voltage references

There are many different kinds of voltage references, generally categorised by type, tolerance, rated voltage, reference voltage and rated current. The most common tolerances are ±2%, ±1% and ±0.5%, but voltage references are available even up to ±40%. 


What are voltage references used for? 

Voltage references can be used for a variety of different precision measurement and control systems such as power supplies in personal computers and analog-to-digital converters. They are also used in scientific applications and in medical equipment where voltage variations need to be tested regularly. 


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Description Price Nominal Voltage Package Type Reference Type Initial Accuracy Mounting Type Topology Maximum Output Current Maximum Input Voltage Minimum Output Voltage Maximum Output Voltage Pin Count Line Regulation Load Regulation Dimensions
RS Stock No. 732-9759
Mfr. Part No.MAX6225BCSA+
BrandMaxim
€6.47
Each
units
2.5V SOIC Fixed ±0.02 % Surface Mount Series 15mA 36 V 2.5 V 2.5 V 8 30 ppm/V 6 ppm/mA 5 x 4 x 1.5mm
RS Stock No. 889-5137
Mfr. Part No.MCP1525T-I/TT
BrandMicrochip
€0.509
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
2.5V SOT-23 Fixed ±1.0 % Surface Mount Series 20mA 7 V 2.475 V 2.525 V 3 350 μV/V 1.3 mV/mA 2.9 x 1.3 x 0.95mm
RS Stock No. 162-4727
Mfr. Part No.LM4040AIZ-4.1/NOPB
€0.942
Each (In a Box of 1800)
units
4.1V TO-92 Fixed ±0.1 % Through Hole Shunt 15mA - - - 3 - 7 mV 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 698-9069
Mfr. Part No.MCP1525T-I/TT
BrandMicrochip
€0.69
Each
units
2.5V SOT-23 Fixed ±1.0 % Surface Mount Series 20mA 7 V 2.475 V 2.525 V 3 350 μV/V 1.3 mV/mA 2.9 x 1.3 x 0.95mm
RS Stock No. 535-9537
Mfr. Part No.LM4040AIZ-4.1/NOPB
€1.54
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
4.1V TO-92 Fixed ±0.1 % Through Hole Shunt 15mA - - - 3 - 7 mV 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 165-9736
Mfr. Part No.MAX6225BCSA+
BrandMaxim
€5.465
Each (In a Tube of 100)
units
2.5V SOIC Fixed ±0.02 % Surface Mount Series 15mA 36 V 2.5 V 2.5 V 8 30 ppm/V 6 ppm/mA 5 x 4 x 1.5mm
RS Stock No. 165-4661
Mfr. Part No.MCP1541-I/TO
BrandMicrochip
€0.509
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
4.096V TO-92 Fixed ±1.0 % Through Hole Series 20mA 7 V 4.055 V 4.137 V 3 350 μV/V 1.3 mV/mA 4.71 x 3.62 x 4.62mm
RS Stock No. 681-1083
Mfr. Part No.MCP1541-I/TO
BrandMicrochip
€0.69
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
4.096V TO-92 Fixed ±1.0 % Through Hole Series 20mA 7 V 4.055 V 4.137 V 3 350 μV/V 1.3 mV/mA 4.71 x 3.62 x 4.62mm
RS Stock No. 145-1010
Mfr. Part No.TL431ACLP
€0.123
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 799-7822
Mfr. Part No.MAX6133AASA30+
BrandMaxim
€7.60
Each
units
3V SOIC Fixed ±0.04 % Surface Mount Series 15mA 12.6 V 2.499 V 2.501 V 8 30 μV/V 0.05 mV/mA 5 x 4 x 1.5mm
RS Stock No. 923-7857
Mfr. Part No.MAX6133AASA30+
BrandMaxim
€8.237
Each (In a Tube of 100)
units
3V SOIC Fixed ±0.04 % Surface Mount Series 15mA 12.6 V 2.499 V 2.501 V 8 30 μV/V 0.05 mV/mA 5 x 4 x 1.5mm
RS Stock No. 661-9809
Mfr. Part No.TL431ACLPR
€0.252
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 168-6332
Mfr. Part No.TL431ACLPR
€0.112
Each (On a Reel of 2000)
units
2.5 - 36V SOIC Adjustable ±0.5 % Surface Mount Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 8 - - 4.9 x 3.91 x 1.58mm
RS Stock No. 428-436
Mfr. Part No.TL431ACLP
€0.41
Each
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 284-220
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426CLP
€3.01
Each
units
- TO-92 Adjustable - Through Hole Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 162-4378
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426CLP
€1.142
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
- TO-92 Adjustable - Through Hole Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 121-8266
Mfr. Part No.TL431CLP
€0.111
Each (In a Box of 1000)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 283-845
Mfr. Part No.TL431CLP
€0.70
Each
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 661-9827
Mfr. Part No.TL431CLPR
€0.262
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 169-5617
Mfr. Part No.TL431CLPR
€0.083
Each (On a Reel of 2000)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
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