Microprocessors

A microprocessor also referred to as a CPU, is a computer processor in the form of a single integrated circuit (IC). CPU stands for central processing unit and is the brains of a computer that gives out instruction for the computer program. Microprocessors essentially control most of the functions your computer can do, from browsing the web to writing a document. Therefore a microprocessor is an essential component in computing. A microprocessor IC is a semiconductor device that provides this functionality from a single chip. This is a traditional semiconductor package, such as a BGA or QFN package.

How does a Microprocessor work?

A microprocessor performs both arithmetic and logic operations. It takes a binary input from a device and processes the data based upon instructions that are stored with its memory. These instructions are saved using Cache memory.

What is Word Length?

Computers are driven by specific sets of instructions, the CPU carries these instructions out at great speeds. Data bus width is the rate at which a microprocessor can process data. Word length is the number of bits within the internal data bus. For example, a 32-bit microprocessor will be able to process data faster than an 8-bit microprocessor.

What is Clock Speed?

Clock speed is a value given in MHz or GHz. It refers to the speed that the microprocessor executes instructions.

Where are microprocessors used?

Microprocessors can be found in many applications which require embedded control. This includes:

  • Personal computers
  • Computer peripherals
  • Household appliances
  • Automotive

Microcontrollers are a type of microprocessor which contain the CPU, memory and other inputs and output.


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Description Price Family Name Device Core Data Bus Width Instruction Set Architecture Maximum Frequency I/O Voltage Fabrication Technology Mounting Type Package Type Pin Count Typical Operating Supply Voltage Dimensions Automotive Standard Maximum Operating Temperature
RS Stock No. 146-3225
Mfr. Part No.ATSAMA5D44A-CU
BrandMicrochip
€7.972
Each (In a Tray of 84)
units
SAMA5D4 ARM Cortex A5 32bit ARM 12MHz 3.6V - Surface Mount TFBGA 361 3.3 V dc 16 x 16 x 0.83mm - +85 °C
RS Stock No. 180-7542
Mfr. Part No.MA330041-1
BrandMicrochip
€23.01
Each
units
DsPIC33 - 16bit - - - - Surface Mount TQFP 80 - - - -
RS Stock No. 179-3961
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK256MP503-I/M5
BrandMicrochip
€2.303
Each (In a Tube of 73)
units
DsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V CMOS Surface Mount UQFN 36 3.6 (Maximum) V 5 x 5 x 0.55mm AEC-Q100 +85 °C
RS Stock No. 180-7543
Mfr. Part No.MA330041-2
BrandMicrochip
€23.01
Each
units
DsPIC33 - 16bit - - - - Surface Mount TQFP 80 - - - -
RS Stock No. 165-6445
Mfr. Part No.ATSAMA5D27C-D1G-CU
BrandMicrochip
€11.85
Each
units
SAMA5D2 ARM Cortex A5 32bit ARM 500MHz 1.65 → 3.6V - Surface Mount LFBGA 289 1.2 V, 1.35 V, 1.5 V, 1.8 V, 3.3 V 14 x 14 x 1.03mm - +85 °C
RS Stock No. 179-3962
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK256MP505-I/PT
BrandMicrochip
€2.853
Each (In a Tray of 250)
units
DsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V CMOS Surface Mount TQFP 48 3.6 (Maximum) V 7 x 7 x 1.05mm AEC-Q100 +85 °C
RS Stock No. 179-3964
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK256MP506-I/PT
BrandMicrochip
€2.79
Each (In a Tray of 160)
units
DsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V CMOS Surface Mount TQFP 64 3.6 (Maximum) V 10 x 10 x 1.05mm AEC-Q100 +85 °C
RS Stock No. 175-7219
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP506-I/MR
BrandMicrochip
€2.925
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
DsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount QFN 64 3 → 3.6 V 9 x 9 x 0.95mm - +85 °C
RS Stock No. 188-0264
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK64MP103-I/M5
BrandMicrochip
€2.354
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
DsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V - Surface Mount UQFN 36 3 → 3.6 V 5 x 5 x 0.55mm AEC-Q100 +85 °C
RS Stock No. 625-8801
Mfr. Part No.Z8018008VSG
BrandZilog
€7.25
Each
units
Z180 Z80 8bit CISC 8MHz 5.0V - Surface Mount PLCC 68 5 V 24.33 x 24.33 x 3.91mm - +70 °C
RS Stock No. 177-7104
Mfr. Part No.Z8018008VSG
BrandZilog
€6.404
Each (In a Tube of 20)
units
Z180 Z80 8bit CISC 8MHz 5.0V - Surface Mount PLCC 68 5 V 24.33 x 24.33 x 3.91mm - +70 °C
RS Stock No. 121-9716
Mfr. Part No.AM3358BZCZ100
€11.537
Each (In a Tray of 126)
units
Sitara ARM Cortex A8 32bit RISC 1GHz 1.8 V, 3.3 V HSTL, LVCMOS, SSTL Surface Mount NFBGA 324 1.8 V 15.1 x 15.1 x 0.96mm - +90 °C
RS Stock No. 175-7180
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP502-I/SS
BrandMicrochip
€3.219
Each (In a Tube of 47)
units
DsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount SSOP 28 3 → 3.6 V 10.5 x 5.6 x 1.85mm - +85 °C
RS Stock No. 165-5129
Mfr. Part No.ATSAMA5D27C-D1G-CU
BrandMicrochip
€10.338
Each (In a Tray of 119)
units
SAMA5D2 ARM Cortex A5 32bit ARM 500MHz 1.65 → 3.6V - Surface Mount LFBGA 289 1.2 V, 1.35 V, 1.5 V, 1.8 V, 3.3 V 14 x 14 x 1.03mm - +85 °C
RS Stock No. 180-7544
Mfr. Part No.MA330042
BrandMicrochip
€23.01
Each
units
DsPIC33 - 16bit - - - - Surface Mount TQFP 80 - - - -
RS Stock No. 813-4218
Mfr. Part No.MCIMX6Q5EYM10AC
BrandNXP
€50.93
Each
units
I.MX6 ARM Cortex A9 32bit MPU 1GHz 2.8V - Surface Mount FCPBGA 624 1.5 V 21 x 21 x 2mm - +105 °C
RS Stock No. 179-3985
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK256MP502-I/2N
BrandMicrochip
€2.30
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
DsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V CMOS Surface Mount UQFN 28 3.6 (Maximum) V 6 x 6 x 0.5mm AEC-Q100 +85 °C
RS Stock No. 175-7198
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP502-I/SS
BrandMicrochip
€3.51
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
DsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount SSOP 28 3 → 3.6 V 10.5 x 5.6 x 1.85mm - +85 °C
RS Stock No. 175-7200
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP502-I/2N
BrandMicrochip
€2.52
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
DsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount UQFN 28 3 → 3.6 V 6 x 6 x 0.42mm - +85 °C
RS Stock No. 175-7196
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP503-I/M5
BrandMicrochip
€2.585
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
DsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount UQFN 36 3 → 3.6 V 5 x 5 x 0.55mm - +85 °C